What is the treatment for a hamstring injury?
Even though hamstring injuries are most common among athletes, non-athletic individuals can experience a hamstring injury as well. There are several strategies that can be implemented to prevent a hamstring injury from occurring altogether. Establishing a proper warm-up routine before any physical activity, particularly activities involving a large amount of running or jumping, is highly encouraged. A warm-up and cool-down routine should include stretches that specifically target the hamstrings. It is recommended to gradually increase the intensity of physical activities by no more than 10% a week. Hamstring injuries are more likely to occur when the intensity is increased too quickly. Lastly, the strength of the gluteal muscles is important in the prevention of hamstring injuries. When the gluteal muscles are weak, the hamstrings have to compensate and can become overloaded resulting in an injury.
The majority of hamstring sprains and small tears respond well to non-surgical treatment measures. Avoiding full weight-bearing and non-essential hip motions area encouraged during the healing process. A combination of RICE (rest, ice, compression, elevation) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) can mitigate the pain and inflammation associated with this condition. Participation in a physical rehabilitation program can be valuable for recovery.
Surgical intervention may be necessary for Grade 3 hamstring tendon injuries from the ischium (bone) or failed non-surgical therapy. Dr. Patel will reattach the tendon with special surgical anchors and sutures back to the ischium.