What is the treatment for hip dysplasia?
Patients diagnosed with mild hip dysplasia or only experience minimal symptoms may respond well to non-surgical treatment measures. If body weight aggravates the pain, participation in a weight loss program should be considered. Limiting or modifying physical activities in addition to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) may control the pain and inflammation associated with this condition. If these symptoms persist with oral medications, corticosteroid injections administered directly into the hip joint can provide the sought after symptom relief. A physical rehabilitation program is also beneficial, particularly one involving lower-impact physical activities such as swimming or cycling. It is important to note that these non-surgical therapies should not be implemented for patients with moderate to severe hip dysplasia at the risk of developing osteoarthritis of the hip.
Surgical intervention is often the preferred treatment protocol for the majority of adult and adolescent patients with hip dysplasia. Dr. Patel will take into account the patient’s age, medical history, severity of dysplasia, and recovery goals when formulating an appropriate treatment plan. One of the following surgical techniques will be recommended by Dr. Patel:
- Hip Arthroscopy: A hip arthroscopy utilizes a small camera (arthroscope) and specialized surgical instruments to remove any damaged tissue fragments and repair the hip labrum. Patients with borderline hip dysplasia or underlying hip impingement are the ideal candidates for this procedure.
- Periacetabular Osteotomy: A portion of the bone surrounding the hip socket is excised and situated for a better fit within the hip socket.
- Hip Arthroplasty: This surgical procedure is typically reserved for patients with advanced osteoarthritis. The femoral head and cartilage are reconstructed using a metal and/or plastic prosthesis to restore hip function and joint movement.