What is a labral tear in the shoulder?
Within the glenohumeral joint, the joint formed by the head of the humerus (upper arm bone) and the glenoid socket of the scapula (shoulder blade), is a thick and fibrous ring of cartilage known as the labrum. This cartilage surrounds the glenoid socket by attaching anteriorly (front) and posteriorly (back). The labrum reinforces the muscles and tendons of the rotator cuff and provides an attachment site for a number of shoulder ligaments as well as the biceps tendon. This cartilage ring can be damaged in a number of different ways; therefore, it is important to seek medical attention from an orthopedic shoulder specialist for proper treatment. A shoulder dislocation can cause the labrum to be completely severed from its attachment points within the glenoid socket. The biceps tendon can be partially or completely severed from its attachment site on the labrum and subsequently causing a labral tear. Lastly, older populations may experience a tear within the latticework structure of the densely fibrous connective tissue, causing the cartilage to unravel. Dr. Ronak Mukesh Patel, orthopedic shoulder specialist serving patients in Sugar Land, Pearland, and the Houston, Texas area, has the knowledge and understanding as well as substantial experience in treating patients who have experienced a labral tear.