What is the treatment for an MCL injury?
Non-surgical therapies alone can be a successful treatment option for the majority of patients with medial collateral ligament (MCL) injuries. The injured ligament can be protected during the healing process with a hinged knee brace. A combination of RICE (rest, ice, compression, elevation) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) are encouraged for pain management and to decrease the inflammation associated with this condition. Dr. Patel will prescribe a physical rehabilitation program with a focus on stabilizing and restoring knee joint function once the pain and inflammation are well-controlled.
In the event of failed non-surgical therapy, or when a patient sustains a more severe or complex medial collateral ligament (MCL) tear especially with multiple ligament tears of the ACL, PCL, and/or LCL, surgical intervention may be necessary to restabilize the knee joint. The MCL is surgically repaired by excising damaged portions of the MCL and the ligament is sutured back together or securely fastened to the bone. Occasionally, significant damage to the ligament may warrant MCL reconstruction with the implementation of a tendon graft, either from the patient (autograft) or donor tissue (allograft).